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‘Children’s Rights’ - Big Issue for Minors You Shouldn’t Ignore
February 1, 2015

It’s not only adults that have 'rights', but also 'little children'.  For this reason, countries all over the world agreed to sign in the convention to institute the date of November 20 as ‘International Children’s Rights Day', urging adults to pay more attention and respect to children’s rights.

Ms. Wassana Kaonoparat, Director of The Center for the Protection of Children’s Rights Foundation (CPCR) said, “All ‘children’, no matter who they are or where they live, are 'human beings' all the same. Each of them is entitled to rights as adults so adults must support and protect the existing children’s rights with respect. Their rights have been recognized by both international law and national law.”  

Generally, there are two main types of children’s rights, that is, fundamental human rights children shall receive and special human rights for the children that need special care and protection.

Cases of the latter type are, for example, children subjected to abuse and violations or juvenile delinquency. According to the law and process of judgment, those children have the rights in court proceedings and to rehabilitation programs so that they have an opportunity to change their attitudes, return to the society and do not commit a crime again.

According to Convention on the Right of the Child which has been enforced in Thailand since 1992, there are 4 types of children’s rights as follows:

1. Rights to survival: All children born have the right to live with safety. The Convention specifies that States Parties shall affirm that every child has the inherent right to life and governments have a responsibility to take all available measures to ensure that children survive and develop healthily.   

2. Rights to protection: Children shall be protected against any forms of violation such as violations with physical and mental health as well as sexual abuse. This includes sexual harassment and all forms of exploitation such as child prostitution, child trafficking, child beggary by father, mother or other parties. Moreover, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a child who is seeking refugee status, receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance. While a physically and mentally ‘disabled child’ should enjoy a full and decent life in dignity and achieve the greatest degree of self-reliance

3. Rights to development: Children have the right to an appropriate environment to enable them to develop physically, mentally, and socially as well as satisfaction and happiness. They are able to participate happily in activities in family, school or society where they reside. They have the right to recreation, relaxation, access to information as well as freedom of thought and expression. In addition, they shall be educated spiritually and intellectually according to their age. Most importantly, children shall receive 12-year compulsory education.

“Adults shouldn’t remain indifferent to the attempt to raise awareness and understanding of children’s rights, they must realize and give priority to them seriously,” Ms. Wassana iterated.

Even though there are more enforcements of regulations, the promotion of children’s accessibility to these services still needs surrounding people, especially 'parents' who are the ones that start protection mechanism for their own children.


Article by: Kidanal Ganghae